I've always been entertained by nicknames, particularly those given baseball players. Even certain players who had ordinary nicknames interested me if their real names were unusual. One that always comes to mind if pitcher Sandalio Consuegra, whose nickname was simply "Sandy." But I loved saying "Sandalio Consuegra."

And so he was on the first list of favorite names I posted on this website several years ago. That list is gone, replaced by a bunch of lists that spotlight nicknames, interesting real names, and elaborate some old nicknames that actually seem more like titles. There are separate pages for animal-inspired nicknames (along with players who just happened to have animal surnames), bird names, insect names, nicknames inspired by comic strip characters, and other things.

IN RECENT YEARS there seems to have been an increased interest in old baseball nicknames (or titles), perhaps because the Internet allows obsessives such as myself to research, write and publish articles about such things. The old "nickname" attracting the most attention is "Death to Flying Things," though the player for whom it was created remains in doubt: Was it Bob Ferguson or Jack Chapman? (I was dismayed to learn someone tried to apply the phrase to a modern-day player, whose name escapes me. It's not worth looking it up.) Others in this category — titles posing as nicknames — are "The Knight of Limitless Linen" and "The Old Woman in the Red Cap." This was mostly a 19th century thing, and I've made a page devoted to the weird descriptions I like best.

There's also a large group of baseball players whose natural, mostly trite nicknames didn't set them apart, so someone noticed a trait and applied it to the name — Larry Doyle became "Laughing Larry" Doyle, Joe Berry became "Jittery Joe" Berry, and, perhaps the most famous of all was a player with an dull name who before he became a major leaguer showed up for a game without any footwear and became known as "Shoeless Joe" Jackson.

Deciding what players should be identified by a nickname is tricky business. I'm one of those doesn't use "Pete" to identify Hall of Fame pitcher Grover Cleveland Alexander. There's no doubt "Pete" was one of the nicknames he picked up along the way. His first nicknames, as far as I know, were "Alex" and "Alex the Great." But none of them replaced Grover as his first name.

After he joined the Philadelphia Phillies, Alexander went on a camping trip with teammates who started calling him "Pete" after a character in a series of short films. Some versions of this story confuse the character (Alkali Ike) with his sidekick (Mustang Pete), claiming his camping companions thought Alexander reminded them of a non-existent "Alkali Pete."

IN ANY EVENT, Alexander was often called "Pete" by teammates, though this was slow to catch on with newspapers, who didn't jump on the bandwagon until the 1920s, almost ten years after he arrived in the majors. Soon newspaper called him "Old Pete," or "Ol' Pete." However, when first and last names were given, he was usually identified as "Grover Alexander." It wasn't until recently that baseball historians took it upon themselves to change his name, referring to him as "Pete" Alexander even while dealing with a period of his life before he was given that nickname.

Alexander is hardly alone in this regard. Catcher Eugene "Gene" Hargrave was nicknamed "Bubbles," but as far as I know, that nickname didn't supplant Gene during the years he was active. Outfielder Robert Fothergill was, indeed, called "Fatty" by opponents, but was identified in the press as "Bob."

Granted, nicknames make players more interesting, but I wonder if we tend to use them out of context. From what I've read, Hargrave and Fothergill harbored resentment over those nicknames, though perhaps not as strongly as did Hall of Fame outfielder Joe Medwick over being called "Ducky," or, worse, "Ducky Wucky."

INSENSITIVE nicknames were all the rage in the early days of professional baseball. Deaf or hearing-impaired players were called "Dummy," Native American players — even those only rumored to be part-Indian — were invariably called "Chief," and those whose families had emigrated from Germany were often called "Heinie." Several players were given female nicknames — "Sadie," "Dolly," "Kitty," even "Buttercup."

People familiar with the old nicknames carp that today's nicknames — the relative few that exist — are dull and silly. Well, that's correct, though there have been several memorable nicknames in the modern era — "Pumpsie" Green, "Mookie" Wilson, "Gates" Brown, "Tug" McGraw among them.

IT MAY BE a consequence of political correctness, or of living at a time parents treat their children like little princes and princesses, but relatively few people seem to acquire nicknames in childhood anymore. This is one reason there is a shortage of baseball nicknames. Back in what some refer to as the "Golden Age of Nicknames," most players arrived in the major leagues with nicknames already in place (though sports writers and fans often tried to improve upon them).

However, I'm certain that if we'd been forced to rely on sports writers and fans, they couldn't have matched the nicknames given Ellis Ferguson Deal, Orville Inman Veal, Arnold John Statz and David Meadow Ferriss, who are recalled mostly because we knew them as "Cot" Deal, "Coot" Veal, "Jigger" Statz, and "Boo" Ferriss. All of their nicknames were given them in childhood. And all of those nicknames are uniquely American.

That's why I think another reason for the shortage of memorable baseball nicknames is that the game has spread so far beyond the United States. Where nicknames are concerned, the influx of players from Latin American countries has changed things considerably. For example, since 1970, there have been 47 major league players named Rodriguez. (Before that date there were only six.) There are almost as many players named Hernandez, Ramirez and Perez.

EQUIVALENTS in the old days were Smith, Jones and Johnson, and efforts to distinguish them through the use of a nickname met with mixed results.

John Smith (1884-1891) was called "Phenomenal"; Sam Smith (1888) was called "Skyrocket"; Charles Smith (1890-1891) was called "Pop"; Clarence Smith (1913-17) was called "Pop-Boy"; Frank Smith (1904-1915) was called "Piano Mover" because of his off-season job; outfielder-third baseman Earl Smith (1916-22) was called "Sheriff"; another Earl Smith, a catcher (1919-1930), was called "Oil," because that's how Brooklyn fans pronounced his first name.

Bob Smith (1958-59) was called "Riverboat"; Aleck Smith (1897-1906) was known as "Broadway Aleck"; more recently Al Smith (1953-64) was called "Fuzzy," and pitcher-turned-outfielder Willie Smith (1963-71) was popularly known as "Wonderful Willie" Smith. Outfielder Elmer Smith (1914-25) needed no nickname; being called "Elmer" was sufficient. More recently there has been a player called Brick Smith (1987-88) because that's what his parents named him.

There were two George Smiths between 1884 and 1903. One was known as "Germany" Smith, the other was called "Heinie." I'm guessing this was because their families were originally known as Schmidt, or something close.

Of the modern Smiths, the one with the best nickname — or title — was shortstop Ozzie — "The Wizard of Oz."

Among the many players named Jones, we've had "Nippy," "Puddin' Head," "Binky," "Bumpus," "Cowboy," "Available," two "Deacons," and "Chipper."

The long list of Johnsons has no nicknames that match "Puddin' Head" and "Bumpus." There's "Si," "Syl," and "Spud," but mostly they're rather simple — four Bob Johnsons, three Bills, three Randys, one Deron, one Darrell, and a whole bunch more.

SOMETIMES nicknames backfire and create identity problems. My favorite example is "Ducky" Holmes, an outfielder who became notorious for an anti-semitic remark he made during a game in 1898. (Considering the language being used at baseball games in those days, it was highly unusual that Holmes' remark became such an issue.)

A few years later, there was another "Ducky" Holmes in the major leagues, and then another. When the name "Ducky" Holmes appeared in print, it sometimes was difficult to know which one was which.

Popular nicknames are often passed on to the next player who has the same last name, which is why baseball had two "Cozy" Dolans.

But mostly it's the given name that confuses the issue, even when the players spell them differently. Take the case of two men named Charles Jones. The obvious nicknames are either Chuck or Charlie, which sometimes is spelled Charley. Doesn't matter, because there's at least one baseball reference book that confuses two old-timers — pitcher Charlie Jones with outfielder Charley Jones, which shouldn't happen since Charlie was better known as "Bumpus," and Charley was nicknamed " Baby," and also called "The Knight of Limitless Linen.

Favorites from A to Z
My trip starts at Arntzen, ends with Zuber
"Death to Flying Things"
And what about that old woman in the red cap?
More title than nickname
Examples: "The Mechanical Man" and "The Meal Ticket"
"Kings" and other royalty
From Mike Kelly to the "Sultan" and 'Rajah"
Kick it up a notch
While other names need a little bit extra
A lesson in Geography
But beware — there are several misleading nicknames
When in doubt, alliterate
It's the surest way to create a catchy nickname
Pop culture's contribution
Several nicknames come from comic strip characters
Paging Dr. Frankenstein
Here's how to assemble a baseball player
Now playing
There are three features at our baseball multiplex
Anything but that!
Some players must really have hated their nicknames
Ladies' Day
A tribute to "Sadie," Liz," "Beauty" and "Blondie"
Daff, Dazzy and Dizzy
And a bunch of names that rhyme with "olly"
Rips, Ripples and Riddles
Nicknames that sound like killers or "Batman" villains
Give us an "S"
As in "Skinny," "Sparky," "Stubby," "Stuffy," "Sloppy, " "Soup ". . .
We've got you, Babe
From Ruth to Dahlgren, Adams and Herman, too
A Chris Berman primer
Some names practically write their own Bermanisms
No stinking nicknames
You can't improve upon Vida Blue and Clyde Kluttz
Cricket, anyone?
These players all had jolly good names
This is for the birds
Consider all the robins, cranes, hawks and ducks.
Animal house
Meet "Hippo," "Moose," and "Weasel," among others
A hutch, not a dugout
That's what you'd need for this team of "Rabbits"
Baseball's pesty fellows
"Flea," "Jigger," "Cricket," and a swarm of mosquitoes
'Cannonball' Crane
He threw his life away
The two Sam Cranes
They went in opposite directions
'Turkey Mike' Donlin
If only he'd taken the game more seriously.
Dynamic Duo
Bob Caruthers and Dave Foutz did amazing things together.
Jay Partridge
This Dodger was too timid
George Miller
A man of several nicknames

"Goose" Goslin
Denied use of his striped bat

The Parrott brothers
Ill-fated "Jiggs," musical "Tacks"

Charley Jones
"The Knight of Limitless Linen"

Fred Walker
Unusual, but not mysterious
"Ducky" Holmes
There's more than one
Tony Mullane
Even with 284 wins, this pitcher gets little respect.
"Skyrocket" didn't soar
Neither did his namesake

Once upon a time
Short tales about some interesting and unusual players.

Players from A to Z

These are the players whose names or nicknames are mentioned in my look at what I call baseball's name game. And if it looks as though I didn't know when to quit, you're right — except that I can assure you I've barely done more than scratch the surface. There are many other names that could be included, and if I've omitted one of your favorites, so be it.

For example, I did not include Willie "Say Hey" Mays, also called "The Say Hey Kid." Mays was perhaps the best player of his time, a colorful, upbeat guy who was very easy to like (unless you were a Dodger or Cleveland Indians fan). But if "Say Hey!" originated with Henry Aaron, Frank Robinson, Ernie Banks, Robin Roberts, or anyone else who played for a team other than the Giants, Dodgers and Yankees, he wouldn't have attracted much attention for it. The New York media jumped on it, and it became a New York City thing. You know, if it happens there, it's a big deal.

Also missing from my list is Hughie Jennings, a great player for the Baltimore Orioles in the 1890s and successful manager for the Detroit Tigers in the early days of the American League. Jennings was well known for shouting "Ee-yah!" during games. This became such a trademark that he often posed for pictures doing it in street clothes, and that cry became a sort of nickname, though I understand he occasionally shouted other things that were similar, but difficult to translate into words.

I also omitted one of the all-time great nicknames — "Charlie Hustle" — belonging to Pete Rose, and while it may be time for baseball to forgive him his gambling habit, I think the guy, for the past 30 years, has behaved, for the most part, like a horse's ass.

This index begins with a list of the various pages where the names are presented in various categories. Some players have their own pages. At the bottom of the page, all the players I've mentioned are listed by their names.

— A —
Babe Adams
"Sparky" Adams
Harry Agganis
Dale Alexander
Dick Allen
Harry Anderson
"Sparky" Anderson
Luke Appling
Hank Arft
Morrie "Snooker" Arnovich
“Old Folks” Arntzen
“Yo-Yo” Arroyo
Jake Atz
Elden Auker
Earl Averill
— B —

“King” Bader
Jim "Sarge" Bagby
“King” Bailey
"Sweetbread" Bailey
“Dusty” Baker
"Lady" Baldwin
Pelham Ballenger
“Foxy Grandpa” Bannon
Ray Bare
"Babe" Barna
"Skeeter" Barnes
“Kewpie Dick” Barrett
“Rowdy Richard” Bartell
Matt Batts
Beveric Bean
"Ginger" Beaumont
“Boom-Boom” Beck
“Bunions” Becker
David Beals Becker
Joe Beggs
Ollie Bejma
“Cool Papa” Bell
Bill Bell
Gary Bell
“Chief” Bender
“Rabbit” Benton
“Blitzen” Benz
Moe Berg
Wally Berger
Lance Berkman
"Strawberry Bill" Bernhard
“Yogi” Berra
Geronimo Berroa
“Jittery Joey” Berry

Don Bessent
Karl Best
Harry Betts
Huck Betts
“Mookie” Betts
“Bruno” BetzelCarson Bigbee
Carson “Skeeter” Bigbee
also “Skeeter” Bigbee
Elliot Bigelow
“Hill Billy” Bildilli
“Bingo” Binks
“Red” Bird
"Babe" Birrer
Max "Camera Eye" Bishop
Rivington Bisland
"Lena" Blackburne
Ewell Blackwell
“Sheriff” Blake
“Footsie” Blair
Paul Blair
Luzerne Blue
Vida Blue
Ossie Bluege
Otto Bluege
“Ping” Bodie
Tommy Bond
Walt Bond
Ricky Bones

"Tiny" Bonham
Boof Bonser
Franchy Bordagaray
Spike Borland
Babe Borton
Harley Boss
Jim Bottomley

“Butterball” Botz
"Oil Can" Boyd
Harry "Stretch" Boyles
“King” Brady
"Spike" Brady
Dave Brain
Ralph Branca
"Kitty" Bransfield
Harry "The Cat" Brecheen
Roger Bresnahan
“Turkeyfoot” Brewer
Marshall Bridges
“Bunny” Brief
“Fatty” Briody
Lew Brockett
"Glass Arm" Eddie Brown
“Gates” Brown
Hal Brown
“Jumbo” Brown
“Three-Finger” Brown
Ollie Brown
Pete Browning
Garland Buckeye
Madison Bumgarner
Wally Bunker
"Smoky" Burgess
"Sunset Jimmy" Burke
Jesse Burkett
"Oyster" Burns
George Burpo
Larry Burright
Guy Bush
Ed Butka
Sammy Byrd
— C —
“Putsy” Caballero
William Cadreau
Joe Caffie
Count Campau
Billy Campbell
Bill “Soup” Campbell
Bruce Campbell
Clarence “Soup” Campbell
Dave “Soup” Campbell
Eric “Soup” Campbell

Milo Candini
Wirt Cannell
Randy Cardinal
Andy Carey
George “Scoops” Carey
Max “Scoops” Carey
Tom “Scoops” Carey
Tex Carleton
Roy "Dizzy" Carlyle
Clay Carroll
"Scrappy" Carroll
Kit Carson
Bob Caruthers

Orlando Cepeda
Ron Cey
“Ice Box” Chamberlain
Frank Chance
Albert "Happy" Chandler
Spurgeon Chandler
Charlie Chant

Jack Chapman
Hal Chase
Harry Cheek
Virgil Cheeves
"Happy Jack" Chesbro
“Cupid” Childs
“What’s the Use?” Chiles
“Cuckoo” Christensen
Chuck Churn
Eddie Cicotte
Galen Cisco
"Stubby: Clapp
“Ginger” Clark
Jack Clark
Owen “Spider” Clark
“Boileryard” Clarke

Roger Clemens
Harlond Clift

“Flea” Clifton
Jim Coates
Buck Coats
Ty Cobb
Mickey Cochrane
“King” Cole
“Choo Choo” Coleman
“Rip” Coleman
Harry Colliflower
Harry “Rip” Collins
“Fidgety Phil” Collins
“Ripper” Collins
Jimmy Collins
Shano Collins
Earle Combs
“Snipe” Conley
Sandalio Consuegra
Edward Conwell
Art Corcoran
Roy Corhan
Clint Courtney
“Molly” Craft
Ed “Cannonball” Crane
also Ed “Cannonball” Crane
Sam Crane
also Sam Crane
“Gavy” Cravath
"Wahoo Sam" Crawford
“Birdie” Cree
Creepy Crespi
“Coco” Crisp
Frankie Crosetti
Aaron Crow
Dean Crow
Don Crow
Trevor Crow
Alvin "General" Crowder
George Crowe
“Cookie” Cuccurullo
“Tomato Face” Cullop
Nick Cullop
“Kiki” Cuyler
— D —
"Babe" Dahlgren
“Dim Dom” Dallessandro
"Sun" Daly
Harry Danning
"Babe" Danzig
Cliff Dapper
“Yo-Yo” Davalillo
“Dixie” Davis
Harry Davis
“Stinky” Davis
also "Stinky" Davis
"Woody" Davis
Andre Dawson
“Pea Ridge” Day
“Cot” Deal
John “Snake” Deal
“Dizzy” Dean
Paul Dean
William Deegan

Rob Deer
“Flame” Delhi
“Wheezer” Dell
“Ducky” Detweiler
“Jumbo” Diaz
"Buttercup" Dickerson
Johnny Dickshot
“Bullfrog” Dietrich
“Pickles” Dillhoefer
Dom DiMaggio
Joe DiMaggio
"Spittin' Bill" Doak
Harry “Cozy” Dolan
James “Cozy” Dolan
"She" Donahue
Atley "Swampy" Donald
Mike Donlin
"Babe" Doty

Phil Douglas
“Whammy” Douglas
Astyanax Douglass
“Klondike” Douglass
Dennis Dove
"Snooks" Dowd
Tommy Dowd
“Laughing Larry” Doyle
“Slow Joe” Doyle
“Monk” Dubiel
Walt Dropo
“Jumping Joe” Dugan
Martin Duke
Ed Dundon
Fred "Sure Shot" Dunlap
Leon “Bull” Durham
Louis “Bull” Durham
Leo Durocher
— E —
“Bad Bill” Eagan
Vallie Eaves
Eddie Eayrs
Harry Eccles
“Ox” Eckhardt
“Stump” Edington
Bruce Edwards
"Slippery" Eels
"Kid" Elberfeld
“Hod” Eller
“Jumbo” Elliott
"Babe" Ellison
“Bones” Ely
"Slim" Embry
"Slim" Emmerich
Jewel Ens
“Mutt” Ens
Aubrey Epps
Hank Erickson
Bill Evans
Darrell Evans
"Hoot" Evers
Johnny Evers
— F —
"Bunny" Fabrique
Roy Face
Ferris Fain
Bibb Falk
"Turk" Farrell
Darcy Fast
Bob Feller
"Happy" Felsch
Bob Ferguson
Al Ferrara
“Boo” Ferriss
Mark Fidrych
Prince Fielder
Joel Finch
Rollie Fingers
also Rollie Fingers
Pembroke Finlayson
“Showboat” Fisher
also "Showboat" Fisher
Freddie Fitzsimmons
"Steamer" Flanagan
“Flash Flaskamper
Elmer Flick
Hildreth Flitcraft
Jocko Flynn
Barry Foote
Davy Force
"Whitey" Ford
Bob Fothergill
"Scissors" Foutz
“Boob” Fowler
Andy Fox
Charlie Fox
Howie Fox
Jack Fox
Jacob Fox
Nelson Fox
Pete Fox
Jimmie Foxx
Charlie Frisbee
Frank Fuller
"Liz" Funk
Carl Furillo
Christopher Wren Fussell
— G —
Fabian Gaffke
“Bad News” Galloway
Jim "Pud" Galvin
John “Daff” Gammons
"Babe" Ganzel
Mike Garcia
"Al” Gallagher
Debs Garms
Welcome Gaston
“Chippy” Gaw
Johnny Gee
Lou Gehrig
Charlie Gehringer
Wally Gerber
also Wally Gerber
"Splinter" Gerkin

Cesar Geronimo
“Pretzels” Getzien
Geronimo Gil
"Tookie" Gilbert
Carden Gillenwater
Tommy Glaviano
John Godwin
Gordon Goldsberry
Purnal Goldy
Bill Goodenough
Glen Gorbous
Joe Gordon
Sid Gordon
"Stooping Jack" Gorman
“Goose” Goslin
also “Goose” Goslin
“Goose” Gossage

"Peaches" Graham
“Skinny” Graham
“Mudcat” Grant
also “Mudcat” Grant
George Grantham
Don Grate
Samuel Gray
William Gray
“Pumpsie” Green
Clark Griffith
Burleigh Grimes
Charlie Grimm
Ross Grimsley
“Heinie” Groh
Sid Gryska
Ron Guidry
Doug Gwosdz
— H-I —
Bryan “Moose” Haas
George “Mule” Haas
Stan Hack
Harvey Haddix
“Rip” Hagerman
“Noodles” Hahn
“Hinkey” Haines
Odell Hale
Charley Hall
Atlee Hammaker
“Granny” Hamner
Bill Hands
“Snipe” Hansen
Mel Harder
“Bubbles” Hargrave
“Pinky” Hargrave
"Slim" Harrell
Ken Harrelson
"Slim" Harriss
Earl Harrist
“Gabby” Hartnett
“Topsy” Hartsel
Clint Hartung
“Ziggy” Hasbrook
“Roaring Bill” Hassamaer
John Hatfield
Ed Hawk
Bill Hawke
Thorndike Hawkes
Andy Hawkins
Wynn Hawkins
“Chicken” Hawks
Frankie Hayes
Drungo Hazewood
“Hurricane” Hazle
Ed Head
“Egyptian” Healy
Charles Hearn
Elmer Hearn
Wally Hebert
Jeremy Hellickson
George Hemming
“Ducky” Hemp
Rollie Hemsley
Solly Hemus
Tom Henke
Tommy Henrich
“Snake” Henry
"Babe" Herman
Ed Heusser
“Piano Legs” Hickman
Thomas Higgins
Andy High
Charlie High
Hugh High
“Still Bill” Hill
Roy Hitt
"Shovel" Hodge
Frank Hoffman
“Solly” Hoffman
also “Solly” Hoffman
“Bootnose” Hofmann
"Shanty" Hogan
also “Shanty” Hogan
“Chief” Hogsett
“Bugs” Holliday
“Bobo” Holloman
Ed Holly
Howard Holmes
James Scott Holmes
James William Holmes
Russell Holmes
Johnny Hopp
"Shags" Horan
“Trader” Horne
Rogers Hornsby
Joe Hornung
Hanson Horsey
Ralph Houk
Frank Hous
Frank Howard
“Dixie” Howell
“Dummy” Hoy
Al Hrabosky
Carl Hubbell
Tex Hughson
Torii Hunter
“Hooks” Iott
“Bald Eagle” Isbell  
— J —
“Shoeless Joe” Jackson
Travis "Stonewall" Jackson
"Spook Jacobs"
also "Spook Jacobs"
“Baby Doll” Jacobson
“Beany” Jacobson
Sig Jakucki
Art James
"Heinie" Jantzen
Joey Jay
Robin Jennings
Billy Johnson
“Footer” Johnson
George Johnson
Walter Johnson
Stan Jok
Smead Jolley
“Bumpus” Jones
Charley Jones
also Charley Jones
Davy Jones
“Sad Sam” Jones
“Toothpick Sam” Jones
Uriah Jones
Vernal "Nippy" Jones
Willie "Puddin' Head" Jones
“Bubber” Jonnard
“Spider” Jorgensen
Wally Joyner
also Wally Joyner
Joe Just
— K —
“King” Karst
“King Bill” Kay
“Cactus” Keck
“Wee Willie” Keeler
“Wagon Tongue” Keister
"Skeeter" Kell
Charlie Keller
also Charlie Keller
"King" Kelly
“Brickyard” Kennedy
Chick King
Clyde King
Curtis King
Eric King
Hal King
Jeff King
Jim King

Kevin King
Lee King
Marshall King
Nellie King
Ray “Burger” King
Sam King
"Silver" King
Steve King
Thornton Kipper
Johnny Kling
Ollie Klee
Ed Klieman
Elmer Klumpp
Clyde Kluttz
Joe Kuhel
— L —
Chet Laabs
Pete Ladd
Doyle Lade
Napoleon Lajoie
Andrew Lapihuska
"Spike" LaRoss
Arlie Latham
“Tacks” Latimer
"Cookie" Lavagetto
Brooks Lawrence
“Rabbit” Lawry
"Roxie" Lawson
Ivoria Hillis Layne
Tony Lazzeri
Charles “King” Lear
Frederick “King” Lear
“Bevo” Lebourveau
"Spaceman" Bill Lee
also "Spaceman" Bill Lee
“Big Bill” Lee
Clarence “King’ Lehr
Sam Leever
Norm “King” Lehr
George Leitner
Emil "Dutch" Leonard
Hubert "Dutch" Leonard
Louis LeRoy
Tim Lincecum
Ed Linke
“Hod” Lisenbee
Jack Lohrke
Ernie Lombardi
"Germany" Long
also "Germany" Long
Tom Long
Charlie Loudenslager
"Slim" Love
“Peanuts” Lowery
"Turk" Lown
"Red" Lucas
"Con" Lucid
Eddie Lukon
“Memo” Luna
Johnny Lush
Greg Luzinski
"Sparky" Lyle
Danny Lynch
Steve Lyons
— M —
“Bunny” Madden
Sal "The Barber" Maglie
Roy “Popeye” Mahaffey
Mike Mahtook
“Duster” Mails
"Candy" Maldonado
Mickey Mantle
"Heinie" Manush
“Rabbit” Maranville
also “Rabbit” Maranville
Phil Marchildon
“Footsie” Marcum
Juan Marichal
Marty Marion
“Cuddles” Marshall
Starling Marte
"Babe" Martin
"Pepper" Martin
Christy Mathewson
"Sport" McAllister
“Bake” McBride
"Swat" McCabe
“Windy” McCall
“Sparrow” McCaffrey
James McCloskey
“Moose” McCormick
"Sudden Sam" McDowell
“Fibber” McGhee
Joe McGinnity
"Stoney" McGlynn

"Beauty" McGowan
“Tug” McGraw
"Slim" McGrew
“Rabbit” McHale
Henry “Irish” McIlveen
"Stuffy" McInnis
"Limb" McKenry
“Polly” McLarry
“Cal” McLish
"Sadie" McMahon
“Buzz” McWeeny
Joe Medwick
also Joe Medwick
Russ Meers
“Heinie” Meine
“Moxie” Meixell
"Dutch" Mele
"Ski" Melillo
“Molly” Meloan
also “Molly” Meloan
"Spike" Merena
Lloyd Merriman
"Scat" Metha
"Catfish" Metkovich
“Irish” Meusel
“Chief” Meyers
Cass Michaels
Larry Miggins
“Dots” Miller
George Miller
Jim Miller

“Ox” Miller
Minnie Minoso
Johnny Mize
“Vinegar Bend” Mizell
Fenton Mole
Carlton Molesworth
George Moolic
Wally Moon
“Molly” Moore
Bob Moose
“Hiker” Moran
Omar Moreno
John Morrisey
Johnny Morrison
Mike Morse
Guy Morton
“Sparrow” Morton
Wally Moses
Don Mossi
"Bitsy" Mott
Bill Mueller
Clarence Mueller
Emmett Mueller
Tony Mullane
"Moon" Mullen
"Wabash George" Mullin
Van Lingle Mungo
Thurman Munson
Herbert Murphy
Stan Musial
— N-O —
Jim Nash
Rollie Naylor
“Offa” Neal
“Bots” Nekola
Roger Nelson
"Tex" Nelson
Hal Newhouser
“Bobo” Newsom
"Skeeter" Newsome
"Kid" Nichols
“Tricky” Nichols
"Swish" Nicholson
“Rabbit” Nill
“The Only" Nolan
Lou Novikoff
“Dizzy” Nutter
Charlie Nyce

“Prince” Oana
“Blue Moon” Odom
"Tip" O’Neill
"Queenie" O'Rourke

Al Orth
David Ortiz
Jimmy Outlaw

Orval Overall
"Stubby" Overmire
"Spike" Owen
Jim Owens
— P-Q —
Charlie Pabor
"Satchel" Paige
"Slicker" Parks
“Jiggs” Parrott
also “Jiggs” Parrott
“Tacks” Parrott
also “Tacks’ Parrott
Jay Partridge
also Jay Partridge
Freddie Patek
Brad Peacock
Johnny Peacock
“Bunny” Pearce
also “Bunny” Pearce
“Heinie” Peitz
Hunter Pence
Kewpie Pennington
Herb Pennock

Herb Perdue
“Pol” Perritt
Jessse Petty
“Pretzel” Pezzullo
"Babe" Phelps
also "Babe" Phelps
Ollie Pickering
Ty Pickup
Mario Picone
"Lip" Pike
"Babe" Pinelli
Wally Pipp
also Wally Pipp
“Pinky” Pittenger
“Togie” Pittinger
Eddie Plank
Eric Plunk
"Biff" Pocoroba
"Specs" Podgajny
Cletus Poffenberger
Chester Poindexter
Aaron Pointer
Placido Polanco
also Placido Polanco
Nick Polly
Arlie Pond
Dick Porter
Arnold Portocarrero
Bill Posedel
Wally Post
Nelson Potter
Squire Potter
Ray Powell
Bob Prince
"Shucks" Pruett
Albert Pujols
Spencer Pumpelly
"Blondie" Purcell
Eddie Quick
Hal Quick also Hal Quick
— R —
Joe Rabbitt
Dick Radatz
Charles Radbourn
“Rip” Radcliff
“Toad” Ramsey
“Ribs” Raney
"Goldie" Rapp
Vic Raschi
“Bugs” Raymond
Randy Ready
Jeff Reardon
Pee Wee Reese
Phil Regan
Wally Rehg
“Pistol Pete” Reiser
“Heinie” Reitz
“Rip” Repulski
"Dutch" Reuther
Allie Reynolds
Flint Rhem
“Dusty” Rhodes
Hardy Richardson
Elmer Riddle
Johnny Riddle
Dennis Riddleberger
Dorsey Riddlemoser
Bill Rigney
“Topper” Rigney
Royce Ring
Charlie Ripple
Jim Ripple
Ray Rippelmeyer
“Tink” Riviere
Eppa Rixey
Phil Rizzuto
“Skel” Roach
also "Skel" Roach
“Roxey” Roach
also “Roxey” Roach
Robin Roberts
“Rabbit” Robinson
Bob Rodgers
“Preacher” Roe
Lee Rogers
Orin Rogers
Cookie Rojas
Stan Rojek
Phil Roof
“Bunny” Roser
Phil Routcliffe
"Schoolboy" Rowe
“Muddy” Ruel
Amos Rusie
“Rip” Russell
"Babe" Ruth
also "Babe" Ruth
“Cyclone” Ryan
Mike Ryan
Marc Rzepczynski
— S —
"Slim" Sallee
Ken Sanders
Bob Savarine
Don Savidge
Ralph Savidge
“Skeeter” Scalzi
also “Skeeter” Scalzi
also “Skeeter” Scalzi
Harry "Silk Stockings" Schafer
"Germany" Schaefer
Wally Schang
“Crazy” Schmit
also “Crazy” Schmit
Charlie Schmutz
Dick Schofield
Osee Schrecongost
“Wildfire” Schulte
Howie "Stretch" Schultz
Joe Schultz Sr.
Hal Schumacher
Jim Scott
Rod Scurry
Bob "Suitcase" Seeds
“Socks” Seibold
“Twinkletoes” Selkirk
Dick Selma
"Count" Sensenderfer
Gary Serum
“Rip” Sewell
“Socks” Seybold
“Skinny” Shaner
also "Skinny" Shaner
Howie Shanks
Mike Shannon

"Spike" Shannon
Bob Shawkey
"Spec" Shea
Rollie Sheldon
"Skeeter" Shelton
Dan Sherman
Urban Shocker
Eddie Shokes
“Shotgun” Shuba
also "Shotgun" Shuba
Roy Sievers
Ken Silvestri
“Suitcase” Simpson
Al "Bucketfoot" Simmons
Dick Sipek
"Sibby" Sisti
Lou Skizas
Bill "Moose" Skowron
Jimmy Slagle
also Jimmy Slagle
Termel Sledge
"Smash" Smajstrla
Clarence Ossie Smith
“Germany” Smith
Sam "Skyrocket" Smith
“Wonderful Willie” Smith
Homer Smoot
"Duke" Snider

"Roxy" Snipes
“Chappie” Snodgrass
Louis Sockalexis
Mose Solomon
Tris Speaker
Horace Speed
Eddie Stanky
Fred Stanley
Albert Stark
Monroe Stark
“Jigger” Statz
"Rusty" Staub
“Cannon Ball Willie” Stemmyer
Casey Stengel
Reuben Stephenson
Rollie Stiles
Archibald Stimmel
“Snuffy” Stirnweiss
also "Snuffy" Stirnweiss
"Happy Jack" Stivetts
Alan Storke
Gabby Street
Ralph Stroud
also Ralph Stroud
Dick Stuart
Tanyon Sturtze
Tony Suck
"Sleeper" Sullivan
Howard Sutherland
Monty Swartz
Rick Sweet
— T-U-V —

Taylor Tankersley
Jackie Tavener
Bob Taylor
“Dummy” Taylor
Zack Taylor
“Birdie” Tebbetts
“White Wings” Tebeau
Patsy Tebeau
"Pussy" Tebeau
Bill Terry
Wayne Terwilliger
George Theodore

Frank Thomas
Bobby Thomson

Jim Thorpe
"Buck" Thrasher
“Buck” Thrasher
“Sloppy” Thurston
Verle Tiefenthaler
"Toots" Tietje
Jim Tobin
Earl Torgeson
"Specs" Toporcer
Lou Tost
"Babe" Towne
Jack "Happy" Townsend
"Sleepy" Townsend
Jim Toy
“Pie” Traynor
Overton Tremper
Ken Trinkle
Coaker Triplett
“Dizzy” Trout
Steve Trout
Guy Tutwiler
"Babe" Twombly
“Turkey” Tyson
George "Bull" Uhle
"Spike" Van Alstyne
Johnny Vander Meer
George Van Haltren
“Dazzy” Vance
“Hippo” Vaughn
“Peek-a-Boo” Veach
“Coot” Veal
Robin Ventura
Emil Verban
Bill Voiselle
Fritz Von Kolnitz
"Rip" Vowinkel
— W-Y-Z —
“Woody” Wagenhurst
Honus Wagner
Leon Wagner
Chico Walker
"Dixie" Walker
Fleet Walker
Fred “Dixie” Walker
Fred "Mysterious" Walker
also Fred Walker
"Gee" Walker
Harry Walker
also Harry Walker
"Hub" Walker
Jerry Walker
Larry Walker
Roy “Dixie” Walker
"Rube" Walker
"Tilly" Walker
Welday Walker
Fred Walters
Bill Wambsganss
Lloyd Waner
Paul Waner
Lon Warneke
“Rabbit” Warstler
"Stormy" Weatherly
"Skeeter" Webb
Pete Weckbecker
"Stump" Weidman
“Podge” Weihe
Harry “Bud” Weiser
"Satchelfoot" Wells
Jayson Werth
Huyler Westervelt
Wally Westlake
Floyd Wheeler
“Doc” White
Jo-Jo White
Burgess Whitehead
“Grasshopper” Jim Whitney
George “Possum” Whitted
“Wild Bill” Widner
Del Wilber
Charles Wilhelm
Irvin “Kaiser” Wilhelm
Alva Williams
Joe Williams
Mitch Williams
"Steamboat" Williams
Ted Williams
“No Neck” Williams
“Chief” Wilson
"Mookie" Wilson
"Swamp Baby" Wilson
“Snake” Wiltse
“Hooks” Wiltse
also “Hooks” Wiltse
Ivy Wingo
“Kettle” Wirts
Ernie Wolf
Randy Wolf
Ray Wolf
Ross Wolf
Wally Wolf
Walter Wolf
William “Chicken” Wolf
also William “Chicken” Wolf
Roger Wolff
“Smoky Joe” Wood
Clyde “Skeeter” Wright
David Wright
“Taffy” Wright
Wayne “Rasty” Wright
William “Rasty” Wright
“Yats” Wuestling
Frank Wurm
Jim Wynn
“Yam” Yaryan
“Chief” Yellow Horse
Rich Yett
“Chief” Youngblood
"Babe" Young
Robin Yount
Carl "Sundown" Yowell
“Zip” Zabel
Bob Zick
“Chief” Zimmer
Don Zimmer
"Heinie" Zimmerman
“Goober” Zuber

A few acknowledgments:

"The New Bill James Baseball Abstract," the 2001 edition, replaced the annual edition of "Who's Who in Baseball" as my favorite go-to publication, or, if you prefer, my bathroom reading. James provided a lot of information, a host of anecdotes, and gave me several ideas to pursue. I didn't agree with a lot of James' player evaluations, and I don't believe anyone can use statistics, regardless of the formula, to put today's players on a level field with those who played 100 or more years ago. But I love it that James questioned so many opinions that had been cast into stone by baseball elders.

"The Ultimate Baseball Book," edited by Daniel Orken and Harris Lewine, 1979, is a never-ending source of pleasure and information, with some great photos.

The Society for American Baseball Research (SABR) website is an invaluable source of information about baseball players, thanks to its biography project, and I spent a lot time on baseball-reference.com, with which I developed a love-hate relationship. The website must have a zillion pages, giving several to each player who ever dressed in a major league uniform, but often the pages don't agree on certain details — such as size and nickname, and some statements are just flat-out wrong. When you try to contact the website — which claims to want feedback — you encounter one of those "prove you are not a robot" quizzes that asks you to check off photos that contain an image of a person born in Montana, or some such nonsense. And if I had a dollar for every time the website uses the phrase "had a cup of coffee" to describe a player's short visit to the major leagues, I'd buy a Porsche.

I also received help from several other websites such as baseballhistory.com, and that website and others are thanked on the appropriate pages.

As always, I relied a lot on newspaper articles I found on fultonhistory.com, which has millions of newspaper pages from many old newspapers, mostly from New York State, but there are several from other areas, including Chicago, Washington, D. C., and Los Angeles. The turn-of-the-century New York and Brooklyn newspapers were particularly helpful.